The principle of industrial biotechnology is

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The principle of industrial biotechnology is

The principle of industrial biotechnology is

a. using fermentation techniques
b. produce goods and services for commercial needs
c. using biotechnology to meet consumer needs
d. producing goods and services on a large scale in an efficient way through the utilization of microorganisms

Answer :

 

 

The principle of industrial biotechnology is D. producing goods and services on a large scale in an efficient way through the utilization of microorganisms.

Detailed discussion of Industrial Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a branch of biology that studies the use of living things in the form of bacteria, fungi, viruses, animals, plant, enzymes and others to produce goods and services. Biotechnology has now expanded to cover other fields of science such as biochemistry, computation, molecular biology, microbiology, genetics, chemistry, pharmacy and others.

Advances in biotechnology go hand in hand with technological developments. The application of biotechnology has the advantage of changing the biological function of an organism with genetic engineering techniques, such as adding genes from other organisms or changing the original genes of the organism.

In the industrial sector, the main principle used is to be able to produce as many products as possible in a way and at the minimum possible cost. This is in accordance with one of the benefits of biotechnology which can increase product yields. Likewise, conventional biotechnology uses microorganisms to increase the yield of products or services. In the manufacture of vaccines, genetic engineering techniques are needed to genetically modify bacteria or viruses so that they are weakened, and are useful for inserting antibody-producing genes into DNA to enter microorganisms.

The principle of genetic engineering in vaccine manufacturing is isolating or isolating genes from disease-causing organisms. Thus, antigens will be produced which stimulate lymphocytes to produce antibodies and extract antigens which are then used as vaccines. In addition, the use of viruses can also be reduced because of the technology that is able to make vaccines derived from viral proteins, thereby reducing the risk of vaccine contamination by active viruses.

The advantages of biotechnology and genetic engineering techniques, for example, can increase the supply and protection against various types of diseases. Besides that, it can also create immunotherapy technology that can overcome deadly diseases such as cancer and tumors.

Question Details

Class: XII SMA

Course: Biology

Chapter: Biotechnology

 

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