The science that studies the classification of living things is called?

Hi guys, on this occasion I want to ask a question. The question is " the science that studies the classification of living things is called?” Please answer according to your knowledge, because here I will explain my version.Along with the progress of the times, the field of biology has given birth to several new branches of science. Knowledge used for classify organisms known as Taxonomy.

How is the complete discussion of the science that studies the classification of living things called?

At school, one knowledge that studied is Biology. Biology is the study of living things and their life. Biology itself has experienced very rapid development so that many biology branches emerging For example, botany, zoology, taxonomy, and genetics.

  • Botany is a branch of biology that studies plants, including their species, structure, distribution, and taxonomy.
  • Zoology is a branch of biology that studies animal life. This branch studies the structure of living organisms up to subcellular life units.
  • Taxonomy is a branch of biology that studies the classification of living things. This branch studies the naming, grouping, and detailing of various types of organisms based on their similarities and characteristics.
  • Genetics is the branch of biology that studies all things genetics, DNA and RNA, and inheritance.

So it can be seen that Taxonomy is the right answer.The basic principle of classifying organisms includes the use of a classification system. Living organisms are named and also grouped based on observations of visible features.

Taxonomy

is a branch of biology that learn about naming, detailing, and grouping organisms based on similarities and differences in their characteristics. The name of the taxon is called taxon (plural taxon). The science that studies grouping procedures is known as taxonomy.

The lowest and most specialized taxa are species, while the highest and most inclusive (common) taxa are kingdoms. The level of the species kingdom is determined based on the similarities of the most common characteristics of the organism with the most distinctive characteristics.

Taxonomies are standardized and standardized worldwide by the International Code of Plant Nomenclature and the International Commission on Animal Nomenclature.

Classification level

Commonly used categories are as follows.

Species

A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring. (Some species are further subdivided into subspecies or possibly genera.) Species themselves are the most basic or lowest taxonomic level. Members of this taxon share the most common features and also include organisms that, if scientifically bred, can produce fertile offspring. The name of this species consists of two words; The first word refers to a specific name, for example in the genus Rosa there are species Rosa multiflora, Rosa canina, Rosa alba, Rosa rugosa and Rosa dumalis.

Example:

Humans: Homo sapiens or Homo sapiens

Chicken: Gallus gallus or Gallus gallus

Rice: Oryza sativa or Oryza sativa

: Canis domestica or Canis domestica

Melinjo: Gnetum gnemon or Gnetum gnemon

Genus

is a group of species that are closely related and similar. Taxa members of each family are further grouped into different genera based on similarities in some more specific characteristics. The rules for writing the name of the genus (surname), capitalize the first word and italicize or underscore. For example, the family Poaceae includes the genera Zea (maize), Saccarum (sugarcane), Triricum (wheat) and Oryza (cereals).

Family

is a group of genera that appear to be closely related. Members of the taxon Each rank is grouped into a number of families based on the similarity of certain characteristics. This surname comes from the Latin Familia. Plant families often use the suffix – Family, for example Solanaceae, Cucurbetaceae, Malvaceae, Rosaceae, Asteraceae and Poaceae. However, there are also species that do not use the -aceae suffix, such as the Compositae (another name for Astraceae) and Graminae (another name for the Poaceae family). While animal families use the suffix -ideae, for example Homonidae (humans), Felidae (cats), and Canidae (dogs).

Order

is a group of closely related families.

As an example,

The Aves class is divided into several orders:

Example of a Family Order

  1. Galliformes > Family Gallidae >
  2. Chicken Columbidae > Columbidae >
  3. > Family Passeridae > Parrots, Canaries,
  4. > Parrots and
  5. Passerieformes Macaws >
  6. Psitaccidae Falcons

divided into several orders: Mammal primates

  1. : human, monkey, gorilla, orangutan
  2. Rodents: mice, hamsters
  3. Carnivores: cat, dog, tiger
  4. Mammals: kangaroo, Anoa

Classes are organized groups within branches. Class Sub Phylum Vertebrata is divided into several classes:

  1. Agnatha
  2. Chondrichthyes
  3. Osteichthyes
  4. Amphibia
  5. Reptile
  6. Aves
  7. Mammals

Numbers 1-3 belong to the Pisces (fish) group.

divided into several classes, such as:

Species Genus

  1. Cycadinae = Cycadeles = Cycadaceae = Cycas = Cycas rumpii (pilgrimage fern)
  2. Ginkgoinae = Ginkgoales = Ginkgoaceae = Ginkgo = Ginkgo biloba = Ginkgo biloba (
  3. ginkcuralei = Coninuralei) Agabathis = Agathis resin)
  4. Gnetinae = Gnetaceae = Gnetaceae = Gnetum = Gnetum nemon (melinjo) Subphylum

Angiosperms are divided into several classes:

  1. Monocots / Liliopsida (monocots: seeds in pieces)
  2. / Magnoliopsida (dicot: seed in two pieces)

Class Order Family Example

  • cotyledons => Poales => Poaceae (grass family) => rice, corn, sugar cane, grass
  • Arecales => Areacaceae (leopard seeds) => coconut, areca nut, lontar
  • Musales => Musaceae (banana) => banana, manila
  • Orchidales => Orchidaceae (orchids) => orchids, vanilla

Family Example

  • Dicotyledonae => Rutales => Rutaceae (orange stems) = > oranges
  • Rosales => Rosaceae (rose stems) => apple, persimmon
  • Myrtales => Myrtaceae (guava tribe) => Guava phylum

Phylum

a group of organisms with a design similar to au or also the highest taxonomic rank in the world.

Phylum (for animals):

  • Porifera = sponge
  • Coelenterata = hollow animal
  • Platyhelminthes = flatworms
  • = roundworm
  • Annelida = roundworm
  • mollusk =
  • Nemathelminthes
  • echinoderms = spiny animals
  • Chordata = animals that are woven or braided

Arthropodavir Plant)

  1. Bryophyta : Mosses
  2. Pterydophyta: Fern
  3. : Plant

SuborderChordata has Subphylum:

  1. Cephalochordata: axis on the head
  2. Hemichordata: axis on the back
  3. Urochordata: axis in tail
  4. Vertebrates: have plate and back feather rugs

. yes

  • is a plant with open seeds (seeds without flesh)
  • Angiosperms are angiosperms (seeds have fleshy seeds) Subphylum /

Subphylum Phylum Chordata has Subphylum:

  • Cephalochordata is the trunk on the head
  • Hemichordata is ashes on the back
  • Urochordata is ash on the tail
  • Vertebrates with skulls and backbones

Separation of Spermatophyta has a Subphylum: Gymnosperms

  • is a plant with open seeds (seeds without flesh)
  • Angiosperms seed plants are seed plants covered (seeds covered with flesh)

Kingdom

is the largest and most widespread group, such as a plant, animal or fungus.

There are 5 Kingdoms in the world:

  1. Plantae
  2. Animalia
  3. Fungi
  4. Protists
  5. Animalia

Race

Within the organisms of a species there are sometimes very clear, very specific or varied characteristics which are also called breeds or races. The terms cultivar and cultivar are used for plant species, while the terms race are used for animal species. This diversity can be explained botanically and agronomically.

Botanically, a variety is a population of plants within a species that exhibits strikingly different characteristics. Cultivation is regulated by ICBN (International Botanical Nomenclature Code). Manuscripts of this variety are italicized or underlined. For example; Oryza sativa var indica (Rice) and Zea mays L, var tunicata (corn).

Meanwhile, agronomic varieties are groups of plants that have one (1) or more characteristics that can be clearly distinguished and these traits can also be distinguished and maintained if planted vegetatively (asexually), counted) or arisen (generic).

So, that's the guy regarding a complete discussion of the question "the science that studies the classification of living things is called" earlier, I hope it will be useful.

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