Welcome to Catalytic, a blog to discuss the discussion of subject matter from Higher Education, High School, Middle School and Elementary Schools. This time, Katalistiwa will discuss a question that is often asked in school exams. The questions are: Mention 10 Living Things
Mention 10 Living Things
The following are examples of living things (living things) are:
4. Hibiscus flower
8. Water hyacinth
9. Orchid flower
Detailed discussion of Living Things
An ecosystem is a fusion of each biosystem unit that forms mutual interactions between organisms and their environment in a flow of energy to certain biotic structures and material cycles occur between organisms and inorganic substances.
There are two components that make up an ecosystem that are interrelated with one another, namely the biotic components and the abiotic components that make up the ecosystem.
In an ecosystem there are abiotic and biotic components. Abiotic components are non-living things. Biotics are living things. Biotic and biotic components influence each other.
The following is an explanation of the abiotic and biotic components:
- abiotic components
Abiotic components are environmental components consisting of both physical and chemical non-living elements present in an ecosystem. Abiotic sources are usually obtained from the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. Abiotic components play an important role for biotic components. The following are examples of abiotic components and their explanations:
Temperature is an abiotic component that is influenced by many factors such as solar radiation, latitude and altitude.
Water is an abiotic component that is important for all living things, even the availability of water affects the distribution of living things.
Some terrestrial organisms or organisms that live on land can adapt to environments with a high salt content, for example halophilic bacteria, marine plants.
Sunlight is the main source of energy for living things, both intensity and quality for an ecosystem. The intensity and quality of sunlight can also affect the process of photosynthesis.
Soil is a place to live and grow for autotrophic organisms and also a place to find food for heterotrophic organisms. Soil properties which include physical structure, texture (soil particle composition), degree of uniformity (pH), and mineral and nutrient composition can be indicators of whether the soil is fertile or infertile.
Climate is a condition or condition of the weather over a long period of time in a large area. Climate is formed from the interaction of various abiotic components. Abiotics are temperature, sunlight, humidity and so on.
- biotic components
The biotic component is an environmental component consisting of all types of organisms or living things In an ecosystem, there is dependence between biotic components, namely through food chains and food webs. Biotic components can be divided into three types, namely producers, consumers, and decomposers.
The following is an explanation of the three groups of biotic components, namely:
- Producers or autotrophic organisms
Autotrophic organisms or known as producers are organisms that can produce their own food. Producers are able to form food by absorbing inorganic compounds and substances and then converting them into organic compounds through processes photosynthesis. Organisms that are classified as autotrophic organisms have special characteristics, namely the presence of chlorophyll in their bodies as in higher plants.
- Consumers or heterotrophic organisms
Consumers are organisms that take energy and food sources from other organisms. Heterotrophic organisms cannot produce their own food. Examples of these biotic components are humans and animals that act as carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores.
- Decomposers or Decomposers
Decomposers or decomposers are organisms that carry out the decomposition process, namely the change of organic matter from dead organisms into inorganic compounds. Examples of organisms called decomposers include fungi and bacteria. Some organisms that use the remaining organic matter in smaller particles are known as detritivores. Examples of these organisms are wood lice or termites, book lice and worms.
This is the discussion that we have summarized by the Katalistiwa.id Team from various learning sources. Hopefully this discussion is useful, don't forget if you have other answers, you can contact the admin. Thank you