Some of the Countries Crossed by the Nile River

It can be said that the Nile is one of the known and many rivers country through which the river nile. This river is actually identical and likes to be associated with the Egyptian state. This is because the Nile has played an important role in the development of civilization and the history of the Egyptians, starting thousands of years ago.

In addition, the Nile is also the longest river in the world. Due to its length, a total of 9 countries are crossed by the Nile. Most of these countries are on the African continent. But before discussing which countries are crossed by the longest river in the world, let's first consider a general and brief explanation of the Nile.

A brief history of the Nile River

country through which the river nile

The Nile is a river that is very familiar to all of us. It's just that many people do not know much about the longest river in the world. The length of the Nile beats the names of other rivers such as the Amazon River, Yangtze River or Mississippi River.

The length of the Nile reaches 6,650 km. Next is the Amazon River in second place with a length of about 6,575 km and the Yangtze River in third place with a length of 6,300 km. This river flow is widely used for irrigation, canals and reservoirs.

If you want to look at it from a geographical perspective, the Nile borders the state of Libya to the west. To the east, the river is directly adjacent to the Red Sea. While in the South and North, the Nile is bordered by Sudan and the Mediterranean Sea.

After reading the description of the Nile above, it would be incomplete if you don't mention which countries are crossed by the longest river in the world. Instead of being curious, let's see the presentation below.

List of countries through which the river nile

When viewed from various sources, there are indeed differences of opinion regarding the number of countries through which the Nile river passes. Some say 9, 11, some even call it 12. However, on this occasion only 9 countries are mentioned, most of which are on the African continent. For those who want to know more about these 9 countries, please read in full below.


Egypt is a country closely related to Nil River. Even ancient Egypt has played a huge role since the dawn of this Nile civilization. One source states that in ancient times there were floods almost every year like the Nile which flooded the left and right of the river area. 

This caused the valley in Egypt around the Nile to flood. After retreating, it turned out to make the valley fertile, even though the area around it was desert. Of course this is a blessing for the people in the region because the valley can be used as agricultural land.


The next country through which the Nile river passes is Sudan. The northern part of the Nile probably passed through the Sudanese desert before reaching Egypt.

Interestingly, the tributary of the Nile, which originates in Sudan, is white. This is because of the ash clay content


different from the white tributary of the Nile from Sudan. This tributary from Ethiopia is actually blue. This is because the water that flows from this tributary in Ethiopia does not contain clay deposits like today, so the water is still clear and can be used as a water source.


Uganda is the fourth country through which the Nile River passes. The country whose capital is Kampala, which is believed to be the headwaters of the White Nile, is also in Sudan.

It is believed that the white flow of the Nile originates from Lake Victoria in the mountains of Uganda at an altitude of 1,134 meters above sea level.


The fifth country through which the Nile River passes is Kenya. The country is a country in the middle of the African continent drawn by the Nile. In the south are Tanzania, Burundi and even Rwanda. To the north are Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia.


Burundi is the next country through which the Nile River passes. With its capital Gitega, Burundi is the second southernmost country crossed by the Nile after Tanzania.


Formerly known as Burundi, another country is Burundi's neighbor, Rwanda, which is also crossed by the Nile. The country is crossed by the Nile River, which then flows through Tanzania and also Burundi to the south.


The southernmost country through which the Nile River passes is Tanzania. This country, along with Kenya and Sudan, is said to be the source or region through which the White Nile flows.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo or Zaire is the last country through which the Nile River passes. The country is located west of the previously mentioned countries from Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, to Uganda.

This is a list of 9 countries through which the Nile River passes. Of course, if the river has not been dry for thousands of years, it is claimed to be the longest river in the world because of the many countries it passes through. Hopefully the above explanation can give us a deep understanding of the world of Geography.

The Nile is the longest river in the world. This river also contributes a lot to the life of the Egyptian people.

Apart from being the longest river, this river holds unique facts. Curious? Here's the explanation:

  1. The longest river in the world

The Nile River is more than 6,500 km long. According to Live Science, although the expedition has been carried out, the exact length of this river on the African continent is still unknown.

The Nile stretches from mainland East Africa to the Mediterranean. Due to its length, the Nile passes through 11 countries, namely Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.

  1. There are 3 other tributaries of the Nile

The Nile has three other tributaries. The three tributaries are known as the Blue Nile, White Nile, and Yellow Nile.

The Blue Nile is also known as the Lower Nile. Instead of drying up, these tributaries will flood in the summer. The Blue Nile provides about 60% of Nile water. The White Nile is another tributary. The stream starts from Lake Victoria. The amount of water in the White Nile remains stable throughout the year. Lastly, the Golden Nile. Unfortunately, this tributary has dried up.

  1. Build a pyramid supported by the Nile

Egypt is famous for its majestic and towering pyramids. This pyramid was used as the center of the tombs of the pharaohs.

In the process of building the pyramids, population The ancient Egyptians used bricks and stones with the help of water. The higher the pyramid, the more water it provides. They used the world's longest river as a water source and dug canals for boats.

  1. It is believed that the Nile flows into the afterlife

the afterlife The ancient Egyptians believed that the Nile led to the afterlife. They believe that the river is the path between life and death.

Therefore, the ancient Egyptians built all the tombs west of the Nile. The Egyptians believed that the west bank was the place of death, because the sun sets in the west. While the east is said to be his birthplace.

  1. Made into a calendar Calendar

Egypt was based on a year consisting of 365 days, with twelve months and three seasons. These three seasons are related to the cycle of the Nile.

Reporting from the Canadian Museum of History website, the beginning of the year begins in July (Roman calendar) when the Nile floods.

So, those are some of the countries that the Nile passes through that I can present to you. Hopefully this article can be useful yes.