How to Grow Rice In addition, rice or processed rice is the staple food of Indonesians. Planting rice in a tropical climate like Indonesia also has the potential to grow well. Here I will explain about How to Grow Good and Profitable Rice in Indonesia.
However, to get good yields, knowledge of how to grow rice is needed because in Indonesia, although rice is the main food ingredient and is referred to as an agricultural country, it seems that the production of national rice production has not met the demands. from the community. does not comply.
For that we need a good and profitable way to plant rice to avoid all obstacles. During the rice planting period up to and including the harvest period, natural constraints can arise, such as pest attacks and improper soil management.
The following summarizes from various sources, How to Grow Good and Profitable Rice
Selecting quality rice seeds and preparing the soil
How to grow good rice and Profitable we do it since the selection of varieties. Quality rice grain is very important if you want to increase rice yield. In addition, you also need to pay attention to the soil conditions that are suitable for rice seeds.
Some characteristics of superior rice varieties are resistance to pests and diseases, tolerance to environmental conditions, abundant yields, when soaked in a 20 g ZA solution the seeds do not sink or float.
Soil preparation is one of the most important ingredients in this good and profitable way of growing rice. Provide fertile vacant land that has been cleared of weeds and weeds.
To increase soil fertility when planting. The soil is irrigated with water until it is loose, then plowed with a tractor, plowed again with water as high as 5-10 cm, leaving the water in the planting medium for 2 weeks to neutralize toxins. through the water.
Sowing/seeding rice and
The next good and profitable way to grow rice is the seeding process. After the soil is ready, sow good rice seeds that have passed the quality inspection, soak for 2 days until they germinate.
Fertilize the nursery area with urea and TSP, 10 grams at a time for each soil stage.
RICE VARIETY: PREMIUM RICE VARIETY
The dominant rice varieties are one level lower than the hybrids. This type can be planted many times with the same quality. This means that the yield of premium rice varieties can still be used as seeds.
Premium rice prices are not as expensive as hybrid rice. For premium rice production, it can be said to be good, reaching 8-10 tons/ha.
Some examples of premium rice varieties include Inpara 1-8, Inpago 1-5, Inpari 1-21, Inpari 31, Inpari 33, Inpari 34 Copy Agritan and Inpari 35 Copy Agritan.
There are also superior rice varieties developed and released by the government, such as Inpari 34 and Inpari 35. The advantage of this variety is that it is resistant to BPH.
TYPE OF RICE: LOCAL RICE VARIETY
Local rice varieties are rice varieties that are typical for a particular area. This rice variety only suitable to be planted in certain areas, because it requires special technical characteristics to grow and produce rice.
Local rice usually produces about 7-8 tons per hectare. However, the taste of local rice is also not good.
Local rice varieties include: Gropak (Kulon Progo), Indramayu, Dharma Ayu, Srimulih, Andel Jaran, Merong, Gundelan, Marong, Simenep and Ketan Lusi.
By Type of Rice Produced
Below are several types of rice if distinguished by the type of rice produced.
- Glutinous rice
It is more flexible than ordinary rice, so it is not used as food. Glutinous rice is often used as a raw material for making sticky rice sauce, glutinous rice porridge and various regional specialties.
Types of glutinous rice include varieties of red, white and black glutinous rice.
- fragrant rice
As the name suggests, fragrant rice has aromatic properties. For example, rice like this is pandanwangi rice.
- PADI PERA Pera
is rice which when cooked will produce sticky rice. Pera is a slightly stiff texture of rice.
This texture comes from the high amylose content. The higher the amylose content, the more pronounced the texture of the rice. The amylose content that gives texture to pears is at least 25%.
Pera rice is produced and popularized in West Sumatra and Riau. Rice with high amylose content is not only used to make rice, but is also the main ingredient for making vermicelli and rice flour.
Examples of pear rice are Inpari 12 (amylose 26.4%), Inpara 1 (27.9%), Inpara 3 (28.6%), Inpara 4 (29%), Inpari 17 (amylose 26%) and Hip. 4 (24.7%).
- Red Rice Glutinous Rice
is rice which, when cooked, gives the characteristic smoothness of rice. Some people prefer sticky rice aka a little sticky rice.
Pulen comes from amylopectin which is widely found in rice and its amylose content is less than 25%. When cooked, the rice will feel a little sticky.
Examples of rice with a softer texture are Inpari 13, Ciherang and IR64 rice.
- GOGO Rice
upland is a type of rice that is not usually grown in paddy fields. This is a type of rice grown in gardens or in fields. The advantage of upland rice is that it does not require special irrigation. Areas that are mostly planted with upland rice are rainy areas, for example in Lombok.
On the island of Lombok there is also a system called upland rice. It only provides flooding at certain intervals so that rice yields increase.
In developed countries, upland rice is often applied intercropping system. This means that farmers do not only plant rice but also combine it with other productive crops such as corn or cassava/cassava.
- Types of swamp rice
Swamp rice is a type of rice that is usually grown in rice fields. This rice requires standing water so it must be watered regularly.
After preparing the seeds and soil, the next way to grow delicious and profitable rice is the process of planting rice. Age can transfer seedlings about 20 days, 5-6 leaf characteristics, 22-25 cm high, large, hard rootstock, not attacked by pests. A planting hole is only for one seed, with a planting depth of about 3 cm.
Rice Care and Maintenance and Fertilization
How to Plant Good and Profitable Rice to grow rice profitably, of course, by caring for and maintaining rice plants properly. The processing must be more precise because if you are negligent, the harvest will be less than satisfactory.
The first way, weeding within two weeks. Then add enough water so that there is no excess or deficiency. Also fertilizing after 7-15 days using urea and TSP fertilizer in a ratio of 100:50 per hectare. Fertilization is done after 25-30 days with urea and phonska at a rate of 50:100 per hectare.
How to plant it
Planting good and profitable rice next is to do fertilization as mentioned a little earlier. Soil that is used continuously for farming will gradually lack nutrients. One solution that you can do is fertilization, both organic and inorganic.
In order to use fertilizer more efficiently, you must be able to adjust it to the needs of the plant and the amount of nutrients available in the soil. You can also use natural fertilizers that you make yourself.
in rice fields usually include insects, grasshoppers, leafhoppers and rats. Therefore, the next good and profitable way to grow rice is pest control.
In order to control pests, insecticides can be used, but it is better to have natural enemies for these pests. If the natural enemies of these pests start to bother you, get rid of them and switch to organic pesticides.
rice will not bring any profit if it is not done carefully, and should only be done when the rice grains are completely ripe. This is because harvesting too early will reduce the quantity and quality of crop yields. Here are the characteristics of ready-to-harvest seeds:
– The leaves are dry and 95% seeds are yellow
– Rice is 30-35 days after flowering, or depending on the variety planted
– The seeds fall off easily when using a hand wringer
– Residual moisture 16-30%
of paddy, washed rice or paddy should be placed right on the canvas for the purpose of reducing or reducing yields. Then you can start the threshing process.
After that, the nuggets were dried in the sun for 2-3 days to reduce the moisture content or only 14%. After the drying process is complete, the seeds can be stored in a clean and dry place.
Above are some Good and Profitable Ways of Growing Rice that you must apply. It is best to ask an experienced person for help to achieve better results.